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Countries that allow HCQ early treatment protocol have 70% lower death rate as of 11/14/20-Covid Analysis…(Update: 12/27/20, Twitter suspends Covid Analysis, no warning, no explanation)

January 3, 2021

Update: “12/2720: Twitter has suspended our account, @CovidAnalysis. There was no notification, no explanation, no warning, and they have not responded to our support request [through 1/4/21]. We have never received any kind of warning or suspension in the past. If there is a way to contact them let us know.”

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HCQ protocol status by country:

11/14/20,Early treatment with hydroxychloroquine: a country-based analysis,” hcqtrial.com…Twitter site, Covid Analysis

“Covid Analysis,” HCQ trials, August 5, 2020. Covid Analysis twitter site

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We are PhD researchers, scientists, people who hope to make a contribution, even if it is only very minor. You can find our research in journals like Science and Nature. For examples of why we can’t be more specific search for “raoult death threats” or “simone gold fired”. We have little interest in adding to our publication lists, being in the news, or being on TV (we have done all of these things before but feel there are more important things in life now).
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There is no need to. We provide organization and analysis, but all sources are public and you can easily verify everything. For the country-based analysis, all data is public and the analysis is simple to replicate. We also note that many equally qualified experts report contradictory conclusions. If you don’t like our analysis, you can use our database to locate information you may have missed for your own research.
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We have no funding, this is done in our spare time and we pay the web hosting fees personally (about $100 per month).”…
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“Results
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Australia, New Zealand, North Korea, Turkmenistan, Solomon Islands, Vanuata, Samoa, Kiribati, Federated States of Micronesia, Tonga, Marshall Islands, Palua, Tuvalu, Nauru. These countries were excluded because they have no or very little spread to date. They may be included in the future if they experience significant spread.

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Algeria – widespread early treatment for high-risk patients for most of the outbreak. Adopted HCQ in early April and continued to use after WHO warning. The Africa Report, https://www.theafricareport.c..ne-from-dakar-to-brazzaville/, Coronavirus: Didier Raoult the African and chloroquine, from Dakar to Brazzaville, 4/15. Afrik.com, https://www.afrik.com/edouard..ychloroquine-et-le-remdesivir, Edouard Philippe emporté par le Covid, Didier Raoult, l’hydroxychloroquine et le… remdésivir, Follows the Raoult protocol, 7/6. The East African, https://www.theeastafrican.co..902-5564930-duphp6/index.html, Algeria backs use of malaria drug despite WHO dropping trials, 5/27. Al-bab, https://al-bab.com/blog/2020/..-chloroquine-despite-concerns, Covid-19: Algeria and Morocco continue using chloroquine despite concerns, 5/28. Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17. Gummi Bear, https://twitter.com/gummibear737/status/1256676533638479872, Adopted early April, 5/2. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1. Parola et al., https://www.mediterranee-infe..2020/09/COVIDAfricaJOUMII.pdf, COVID-19 in Africa: What else?, letter regarding the large use of CQ derivatives and the relative success of countries using them, 9/11.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1258469706442444804, Algeria’s Health Minister praises HCQ used since the end of March, 5/7.
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l’hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28.
Bahrain – widespread early treatment (excluded due to young population)
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1260588201179144193, Adopted as standard treatment very early, 5/13.
Al Arabia, https://english.alarabiya.net..oroquine-to-treat-coronavirus, Bahrain among first countries to use Hydroxychloroquine to treat coronavirus, Used since the first case, 3/26. GulfInsider, https://www.gulf-insider.com/..-medication-proved-effective/, Coronavirus: Bahrain’s Therapeutic Medication Proved Effective, Effectiveness of HCQ confirmed, 5/25. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, use not suspended post WHO/Lancet, 6/1. Marie94167358, https://twitter.com/Marie94167358/status/1260661671816835082, Fully on HCQ, 5/13. Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Used early, 5/2.
Belarus – mixed use of early treatment with HCQ. Belarus Ministry of Health, https://twitter.com/NNeanderM..al/status/1269683561147305985, Use of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in Belarus, 6/7. Jared Young, https://twitter.com/jtyoung18/status/1258279092010586113, In inpatient and outpatient protocols, 5/6.
BelTA, https://eng.belta.by/society/..vid-19-treatment-130102-2020/, Belarus to receive potential effective drug for COVID-19 treatment, 4/29.
BelTA, https://eng.belta.by/society/..ide-of-hospitals-130777-2020/, Belarus suspends use of chloroquine for COVID-19 outside of hospitals, 6/2.
Brazil – early HCQ treatment was adopted relatively late. Late and very mixed use, increasing over time. Brazilian Society of Pulmonology and Tisiology, https://sbpt.org.br/portal/t/cloroquina/, Declaração da SBPT sobre o tratamento da COVID-19, recommending against using CQ/HCQ, 7/22. Filipe Rafaeli, https://medium.com/@filiperaf..nt-human-history-2685487ad717, Hydroxychloroquine: the narrative that it doesn’t work is the biggest hoax in recent human history, almost unanimity of Brazilian scientists are against the application of these drugs and repeat that “there is no scientific evidence” of the functioning, 7/23.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1273878906785972224, Clinical outcomes improve after adoption of HCQ starts, 6/19.
CNN, https://www.cnnbrasil.com.br/..-para-casos-leves-de-covid-19, Government changes protocol and authorizes hydroxychloroquine for mild cases of Covid-19, 5/20.
Último Segundo, https://ultimosegundo.ig.com…tao-zerados-diz-pazuello.html, Estoques de hidroxicloroquina no país estão zerados, diz Pazuello, government has run out of HCQ. Distribution data indicates only a small portion of cases receive HCQ, 8/13. The Verge, https://www.theverge.com/2020..navirus-jair-bolsonaro-maduro, Twitter removes tweets by Brazil, Venezuela presidents for violating COVID-19 content rules, 3/30. Agência Brasil, https://agenciabrasil.ebc.com..dicoes-para-uso-da-cloroquina, CFM estabelece critérios e condições para uso da cloroquina, there is no “solid evidence” to confirm the effect of CQ and HCQ, 4/23. Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1279445536685383680, One by one municipalities are adopting HCQ, 7/4. Diário de Uberlândia, https://diariodeuberlandia.co..tada-a-pacientes-com-covid-19, Farmacêuticos não podem negar venda de cloroquina receitada a pacientes com Covid-19, high degree of controversy in Brazil, 7/3.
Burkina Faso – widespread early treatment (excluded due to young population)
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l’hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28.LifeSiteNews,  https://www.lifesitenews.com/..loss-of-life-from-covid-virus, Doctors insist this cheap, safe drug is “key to preventing huge loss of life” from Wuhan virus, widely used, 6/5.
The Africa Report, https://www.theafricareport.c..ne-from-dakar-to-brazzaville/, Coronavirus: Didier Raoult the African and chloroquine, from Dakar to Brazzaville, 4/15.
Cameroon-widespread early treatment (excluded due to young population)
France 24, https://www.france24.com/en/2..expert-becomes-state-protocol, Covid-19: In Cameroon, chloroquine therapy hailed by French expert becomes state protocol, 5/3. Voice of America, https://www.voanews.com/scien..-scale-chloroquine-production, Cameroon Begins Large-scale Chloroquine Production, 4/13.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..atus/1257626384782053377?s=20, , 5/5.Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off- Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17. France 24, https://www.france24.com/fr/2..%A9e-en-protocole-d-%C3%A9tat, Covid-19 : au Cameroun, la méthode Raoult érigée en protocole d’État, adopted the Raoult protocol, 5/2.
Canada limited early treatment with HCQ. Physicians not allowed to use. New Brunswick used briefly until stopped by Health Canada. Maclean’s, https://www.macleans.ca/socie..e-rise-of-hydroxychloroquine/, The incalculable rise of hydroxychloroquine, Health Canada has not permitted physicians to administer HCQ for COVID, 5/21. CBC, https://www.cbc.ca/news/healt..-experimental-drugs-1.5511244, Doctors face sanctions for prescribing unproven COVID-19 drugs to friends and family, regulators warn, except when there is a clinical trial, the statement instructs both doctors and pharmacists not to provide the drugs as a treatment for COVID-19, 3/27. Acadie Nouvelle, https://www.acadienouvelle.co..e-la-covid-19-deploye-au-n-b/, EXCLUSIF: un traitement expérimental contre la COVID-19 déployé au N.-B., New Brunswick adopts HCQ, 4/2. Acadie Nouvelle, https://www.acadienouvelle.co..-experimental-de-la-covid-19/, Le Nouveau-Brunswick fait marche arrière sur le traitement expérimental de la COVID-19, Health Canada ended New Brunswick’s use of HCQ on 4/17, 5/10. CBC, https://www.cbc.ca/news/canad..ur-gill-tweets-cpso-1.5680122, Ontario doctor subject of complaints after COVID-19 tweets, HCQ has been shown to be ineffective. Medical bodies such as the Canadian Pediatric Society say HCQ has no significant benefit in fighting COVID-19. Health Canada has not authorized HCQ to treat or cure COVID-19. It says HCQ can have serious side effects, 8/10. Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1256869896014704640, New Brunswick broke ranks with Canada adopting HCQ, 5/3.
ChloroquineGorilla, https://twitter.com/Prolongin..id/status/1277927519203635205, Quebec has some of the harshest anti-HCQ rules in the world, 6/30.
Chad-widespread early treatment (excluded due to young population)
Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l’hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28.
Chile-mixed use of early treatment with HCQ. Stopped use after WHO/Lancet reports around May 26. Cristian Navarro Merino, https://twitter.com/cnnavarro1/status/1272207814749020160, Stopping because of WHO/Lancet, 6/14.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1265400801507315712, Chile stops HCQ, 5/26. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, 6/1.
Veronica Riveros, https://twitter.com/veronicar..oc/status/1270558291714867200, People fear HCQ, 6/9.
Costa Rica – widespread early treatment for high-risk patients for most of the outbreak. Used early based on recommendation from China 3/18. The Tico Times, https://ticotimes.net/2020/06..nue-partnership-with-coursera, News briefs: Reopening plans on-track, hydroxychloroquine use to continue, partnership with Coursera, HCQ use continuing after FDA revoked EUA, 6/15. Q Costa Rica, https://qcostarica.com/hydrox..ccessfully-to-fight-covid-19/, Hydroxychloroquine: The Drug Costa Rica Uses Successfully To Fight Covid-19, 4/19. Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Used early, 5/2. Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1264837406802444288, First and only Central American country to immediately adopt, 5/25. Rich Drake, https://twitter.com/drakerich/status/1284219391140343809, Available OTC, 7/17. J David, https://twitter.com/badlandj/status/1267509994368503814, Costa Rica refuses WHO recommendation to stop using HCQ, 6/1.
Cuba – widespread early treatment for high-risk patients for most of the outbreak. Using to treat at an early stage. Pleno.News, https://pleno.news/saude/coro..id-com-hidroxicloroquina.html, Cuba stands out in combating Covid with hydroxychloroquine, using low doses of HCQ to treat Covid-19 at an early stage, 7/12.
Anadolu Agency, https://www.aa.com.tr/en/amer..tent-against-covid-19/1905650, Cuba: Early hydroxychloroquine potent against COVID-19, “We are aware of the polemics around this product. Physicians here mostly have a good opinion of the results it has achieved, provided that it is used at an early stage in low doses and only with patients without comorbidities, which could be complicated by hydroxychloroquine”, 7/10.
Czech Republic – widespread early treatment (excluded due to early isolation)
Supported use since early March. Expats.cz, https://news.expats.cz/weekly..-hospitals-to-treat-covid-19/, Czech Health Ministry permits temporary use of hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19, temporary permit for 8 months, 4/7.
Ministerstva Zdravotnictví, https://www.mzcr.cz/rozhodnut..ychloroquine-sulfate-tablets/, Rozhodnutí o dočasném povolení neregistrovaného humánního léčivého přípravku HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE SULFATE TABLETS, authorization of HCQ, 4/30.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1257696987576557568, Support for HCQ in early March, 5/4.
Djibouti – widespread early treatment (excluded due to small population)
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17. Global Times, https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1189839.shtml, Chinese medical expert decorated by Djibouti for COVID-19 prevention, 5/28. Face 2 Face Africa, https://face2faceafrica.com/a..spite-big-covid-19-recoveries, Djibouti, others warned about chloroquine despite big COVID-19 recoveries, 5/23. VOA, https://www.voanews.com/covid..ce=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter, Djibouti is Treating All COVID Patients with Chloroquine, But Scientists Urge Caution, 5/21.
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France – limited early treatment with HCQ. Banned post WHO/Lancet. Used late stage in hospitals. Limited early treatment, some exceptions, especially in Marseille. Media very negative. Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..fety-fears-grow-idUSKBN2340A6, EU governments ban malaria drug for COVID-19, trial paused as safety fears grow, banned May 27, previously generally only in hospitals, 5/27.
Afrik.com, https://www.afrik.com/edouard..ychloroquine-et-le-remdesivir, Edouard Philippe emporté par le Covid, Didier Raoult, l’hydroxychloroquine et le… remdésivir, HCQ prohibited outside hospitals, 7/6. CBS News, https://www.cbsnews.com/news/..NM-00-10aab7e&linkId=89534081, France bans use of hydroxychloroquine, drug touted by Trump, in coronavirus patients, 5/27. The New York Times, https://www.nytimes.com/2020/…html?searchResultPosition=17, France Bans Malaria Drug for Coronavirus Treatments, 5/27. Ian56, https://twitter.com/Ian56789/status/1272844272769867777, Not used early, 6/16.
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Germanymixed use of early treatment with HCQ. We found several reports of early treatment early in the outbreak, confirmed by Sermo, later reports of trials paused post WHO/Lancet, current status of early treatment is unclear.
Andreas Backhaus, https://twitter.com/AndreasSh..ed/status/1295790850790895621, Off-label prescriptions were banned between early April and early July, 8/18.
Mediapart, https://blogs.mediapart.fr/br..t-utilise-lhydroxychloroquine, L’Allemagne a massivement utilisé l’hydroxychloroquine!, Germany has massively used HCQ, 10/21.
Col Pavan Nair, https://twitter.com/pavannair/status/1289884254365655043, Used early in the outbreak, 8/2. RP Online, https://rp-online.de/wirtscha..d-malaria-mittel_aid-50034873, Bayer spendet acht Millionen Chloroquin-Tabletten, donation of 8 million CQ tablets, 4/14. DAZ.online, https://www.deutsche-apotheke..dnungen-von-hydroxychloroquin, BfArM: Keine ambulanten Off-Label-Verordnungen von Hydroxychloroquin, 6/4. pressenza, https://www.pressenza.com/fr/..-voie-du-movimento-ippocrate/, Vaincre la peur : la voie du “Movimento Ippocrate”, “in Germany, the extensive use of HCQ, AZ, and a large amount of hyperimmune plasma has kept the death rate below 3%. But in great silence, as the Germans know how to do”, 7/10. Andreas Backhaus, https://twitter.com/AndreasSh..ed/status/1295752761095618569, Federal institute for disease control and prevention advises against the use of HCQ, 8/18. Munchensenton, https://twitter.com/Munchensenton/status/1286659832741867520, Started using early, 7/24. Christopher Kidwell, https://twitter.com/Lerianis1/status/1288039709218922496, Early treatment used, 7/28. Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..ovid-19-spiegel-idUSKBN2343AL, Germany pauses anti-malaria drug study for COVID-19: Spiegel, two week pause in trial, 5/28.
Ghana – widespread early treatment (excluded due to young population)
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17. AfricaFeeds, https://africafeeds.com/2020/..e-to-treat-covid-19-patients/, Kenya approve the use of Chloroquine to treat COVID-19 patients, 4/1. Pan African Medical Journal, https://www.panafrican-med-jo..m/content/series/37/1/9/full/, Clinical characteristics, treatment regimen and duration of hospitalization among COVID-19 patients in Ghana: a retrospective cohort study, research paper noting that the results support the Ghana standard treatment guidelines that if not contraindicated, HCQ or CQ should be used alone or in combination with AZ, 9/15. The Guardian, https://guardian.ng/news/nige..id-19-prevention-says-nafdac/, Chloroquine potent for COVID-19 prevention, says NAFDAC, 8/26.
Greece – widespread early treatment for high-risk patients for most of the outbreak. Approved for use April 15, they disregarded WHO’s recommendation to stop. Medical Xpress, https://medicalxpress.com/new..versy-greece-chloroquine.html, Amid global controversy, Greece moves forward with chloroquine, greek epidemiologists consider chloroquine effective, especially in the early stages of COVID-19, 6/10. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..-with-chloroquine-01591781707, Amid Global Controversy, Greece Moves Forward With Chloroquine, the ongoing debate over the drugs has had little impact in Greece, where epidemiologists consider chloroquine effective, especially in the early stages of COVID-19, 6/10.
Afrik.com, https://www.afrik.com/edouard..ychloroquine-et-le-remdesivir, Edouard Philippe emporté par le Covid, Didier Raoult, l’hydroxychloroquine et le… remdésivir, Follows the Raoult protocol, 7/6.
Guinea – widespread early treatment (excluded due to young population)
Mosaique Guinee, https://mosaiqueguinee.com/tr..vec-lhydroxychloroquine-anss/, Traitement des malades de covid19 en Guinée: « nous continuons avec l’hydroxychloroquine » (ANSS), ignoring WHO recommendation, 5/25.
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India – widespread early treatment for high-risk patients for most of the outbreak. Widespread early use. Prophylaxis for healthcare workers and household contacts of confirmed cases. Rathi et al. Lancet Infect. Dis. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30313-3, https://www.thelancet.com/jou..1473-3099(20)30313-3/fulltext, Hydroxychloroquine prophylaxis for COVID-19 contacts in India, ICMR recommends chemoprophylaxis with HCQ for asymptomatic health-care workers and asymptomatic household contacts of confirmed cases, 4/17.
Atikh Rashid, https://indianexpress.com/art..te/?__twitter_impression=true, Maharashtra expands use of hydroxychloroquine as preventive measure, 4/23.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, https://twitter.com/Billtheicon/status/1262508966321496066, Advised all front line health care workers to take HCQ prophylactically, 3/28. Oneindia, https://www.oneindia.com/indi..-health-ministry-3111048.html, No COVID-19 death in Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim so far: Govt, HCQ widely distributed, 6/26. Dr. Goldin, https://www.facebook.com/grou..e/permalink/2367454293560817/, Summary of HCQ usage in India from an MD in India, everyone diagnosed with COVID-19 gets HCQ, it is the standard of care country-wide. The only problem is some patients come very late, deaths are from those who wait too long before seeking medical help. Everyone at high risk, including policemen, firemen, healthcare workers, and nursing home patients, take HCQ, all contacts of positive cases also get HCQ prophylaxis. HCQ is OTC in India, so everyone else is also welcome to use it, 8/21. AFP, https://www.msn.com/en-ph/new..evention/ar-BB14EloP?ocid=st2, India backs hydroxychloroquine for virus prevention, 5/27.
AAPS, https://aapsonline.org/hcq-90-percent-chance/, Hydroxychloroquine Has about 90 Percent Chance of Helping COVID-19 Patients, many nations, including Turkey and India, are protecting medical workers and contacts of infected persons prophylactically, 4/28. The Indian Express, https://indianexpress.com/art..s-as-analysis-begins-6486049/, Vadodara administration drive: HCQ helping in containing Covid-19 cases, say docs as analysis begins, used prophylactically in Vadora with positive results, 7/2. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, used as preventative measure, 6/1. Government of India, https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/..edHomeIsolationGuidelines.pdf, The caregiver and all close contacts of such cases should take HCQ prophylaxis, 7/2. The Australian, https://www.theaustralian.com..56d1371697fe69e4fcc39d7f1f97c, India and Indonesia stand by antimalarials, 5/29.
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Indonesia – widespread early treatment (excluded due to early isolation). Used early. Disregarded WHO request to stop using HCQ. Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..o-stop-using-it-idUSKBN23227L, Exclusive: Indonesia, major advocate of hydroxychloroquine, told by WHO to stop using it, Indonesia told doctors to use HCQ to treat all COVID-19 patients with symptoms from mild to severe, 5/26. The Australian, https://www.theaustralian.com..56d1371697fe69e4fcc39d7f1f97c, India and Indonesia stand by antimalarials, 5/29. Sag Leyos, https://twitter.com/sagleyos/status/1274856392902533120, Used early, 6/21. Sag Leyos, https://twitter.com/sagleyos/status/1274992969549037569, Treatment given early, do not need to wait for test results, 6/22. Sag Leyos, https://twitter.com/sagleyos/status/1274505486180782080, Used early, 6/20.
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Ireland – limited early treatment with HCQ. No early treatment.
Robert Nugent, https://twitter.com/RobertANu..t1/status/1268877953825419264, Nobody treated early with HCQ in Italy, 6/5. Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1255194379255504897, Ireland waits for clinical trials, 4/28.”…
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[More on Ireland: In Sept. 2020, Dr. Martin Feeley, physician and clinical director of Dublin Midlands Hospital Group, was forced to resign for questioning lockdowns [which are needed to justify “emergency” dictatorship government by decree in which health and lives of millions of children and families are seized without being provided evidence that such a violent act was needed, crippled, possibly forever but at least for a generation; next, you’re told you can’t get out of lockdowns “until a vaccine”–ie, no lockdowns, no “race” for “vaccines” which require trillions of bound and gagged taxpayer dollars diverted to a crowd of new vaccine millionaires and billionaires]:The Spanish Flu [such as in 1918] is not sweeping across the country. This is not an indiscriminate killer we know now it is a condition that discriminates heavily against people we can identify.“…“One point he [Dr. Feeley] wants to raise is the use of [so-called] case numbers to dictate the country’s policy.The fallacy of it – testing is a debacle, like the rest of it....The idea of national and county or city lockdowns is lunacywe need to manage clusters locally....The reaction of elected politicians and media is very worrying.We’re saying to 19-year-olds: ‘Stop your life, you can start living again when you’re 21.’ No one took my youth off me and I’d have been marching down the street if they’d tried….For God’s sake, let these people live their lives.”Another prominent physician in Ireland, Dr Marcus De Brun, “resigned from his government post in protest over their Covid policiesdeleted his twitter [archive link] and declared he was “stepping back” from public debate concerning the pandemic.”…Irish research scientist Dr. Dolores Cahill “has also been asked to resign from her post at the IMI due to her stance on Covid19….She has been a science advisor for three national governments Ireland, Sweden and Germany and is the Vice Chair of the Scientific Committee of the Inovative Medicine Initiative….What she says: “[T]here’s two things, two major things I want to say to peopleFirst of all there should be a lot of hope that this virus is not as dangerous as it is being shown to be, and also there’s major issues, like the media are reporting the number of cases when actually someone who has had the viruslike me I had this virus in January and Februaryyour immune system clears it after ten days and then you are immune for life. [Ed. note: This “immune for life” view may seem “controversial” but it’s also the view of Neil Ferguson, UK math professor, continuing top UK government advisor, and
author of global lockdown. When Ferguson broke UK lockdown rules early in 2020, he said he did so in the belief that he was immune since he’d recovered from Covid….May 5, 2020: I acted in the belief that I was immune, having tested positive for coronavirus, and completely isolated myself for almost two weeks after developing symptoms.”…June 2, 2020, “Prof Neil Ferguson still influencing Government’s coronavirus plan despite resigning for breaking lockdown rules,UK Telegraph, Henry Bodkin: On Tuesday, a witness revealed that Prof Ferguson is leading a team contributing to one of the most influential SAGE sub-committees.”…”Professor Neil Ferguson is still influencing the Government’s coronavirus response, despite having [supposedly] resigned his official position for breaking social distancing rules, it has emerged.”...12/21/20, “‘Professor Lockdown’ makes a return to advise on the new coronavirus wave, UK Telegraph, Robert Mendick: “Neil Ferguson, the epidemiologist widely credited as the architect of the first national [and global] lockdown in the spring [of 2020], has emerged once again [as of Dec. 2020] as the most influential adviser to the Government during the current coronavirus wave.”…]. So you’re not a [so-called] case, you are immune for life…[…] Then the second thing is we can see that in Ireland, as in globally, half of the people who die are over 80 and that we’ll say children and anyone under 50 – unless they have chronic conditions like cystic fibrosis – they will have no issue. So what I am saying is there is no need for the lockdown and that we could all actually go back to work.”...Slowly but surely the medical experts countering the “pandemic” narrative are being censored, removed and pushed out of the conversation. When the last dissenting voice is finally shut down, the establishment will claim the “science is settled.” Well the science is not settled.”...10/7/20, 10 More Experts Questioning the Coronavirus Panic,” Phi Quyền Chính, Anarchism: The Tao Of Anarchy]
(continuing): “Israel mixed use of early treatment with HCQ. We initially believed that Israel had widespread early use for the majority of the outbreak, but we received reports that Israel’s use for early treatment has not be as widespread as believed. The Times of Israel, https://www.timesofisrael.com..fit-in-virus-treatment-study/, Malaria drug stockpiled by Israel shows no benefit in virus treatment — study, no official guidance but doctors can prescribe, 4/22. Anatoly Lubarsky, https://twitter.com/anatoly/status/1295791524131766273, Prescriptions of HCQ off-label was banned in late March, 8/18. Judy Breton, https://twitter.com/JudyBreton/status/1293768018087104513, Israeli Ministry of Health has forbidden doctors from writing scripts for HCQ for COVID-19, 8/12. Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1256949969036214275, Received 2 million doses from Teva mid April, 5/3. Haaretz, https://www.haaretz.com/israe..o-treat-coronavirus-1.8712940, Israel Preparing to Use Unapproved Medication to Treat Coronavirus, preparing to use HCQ, 3/26. AAPS, https://www.prnewswire.com/ne..-surgeons-aaps-301098030.html, More Evidence Presented for Why Hydroxychloroquine Should be Made Available, in a New Court Filing by the AAPS, greater access to HCQ, 7/22. Xinhua, http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-04/09/c_138961933.htm, Israel brings anti-malarial drug from India to fight COVID-19, 4/9. Luke Mor, https://twitter.com/LukeMor19..10/status/1271442135720615938, Used early, 6/12.
Italyearly HCQ treatment was adopted relatively late. Banned post WHO/Lancet. Some early treatment started late in Italy’s outbreak.
Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..fety-fears-grow-idUSKBN2340A6, EU governments ban malaria drug for COVID-19, trial paused as safety fears grow, banned May 27, 5/27. Talking Points Memo, https://talkingpointsmemo.com..the-use-of-hydroxychloroquine, Italian Pharmacological Agency Warns Against The Use Of Hydroxychloroquine, 5/22. Trustnodes, https://www.trustnodes.com/20..tment-with-hydroxychloroquine, Italy Finally Starts Mass Treatment with Hydroxychloroquine, early treatment starts in some areas, 3/29. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned except clinical trials, 6/1. CBC, https://www.cbc.ca/news/world..9-over-safety-fears-1.5586220, France, Italy, Belgium act to stop use of hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 over safety fears, 5/27.
Malaysia – mixed use of early treatment with HCQ.  Used early since January until about 6/22. Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..-fight-covid-19-idUSKCN21X0YQ, Exclusive: India agrees to sell hydroxychloroquine to Malaysia to help fight COVID-19, Malaysia has been using hydroxychloroquine for mild to severe COVID-19 cases along with other drugs, according to its treatment protocol seen by Reuters, 4/15. CNA, https://www.channelnewsasia.c..till-using-treatment-12771770, Malaysia still using hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19 patients; health ministry monitoring side effects, did not halt based on WHO recommendation, 5/26.
CodeBlue, https://codeblue.galencentre…e-can-slow-covid-19-progress/, Malaysia Finds Hydroxychloroquine Can Slow Covid-19 Progress, 6/9. Malay Mail, https://www.malaymail.com/new..st-wave-says-health-d/1851457, ‘Chloroquine’ used to treat Covid-19 patients since first wave, says Health D-G, 3/29.
CodeBlue, https://codeblue.galencentre…uine-from-covid-19-treatment/, Malaysia Drops Hydroxychloroquine From Covid-19 Treatment, stopped using based on study with stage 2/3 patients, not clear if stopped for early use, 6/22. New Straits Times, https://www.nst.com.my/news/n..e-hydroxychloroquine-covid-19, Dr Noor Hisham: Malaysia drops use of hydroxychloroquine for Covid-19, 6/22.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1261701176665337857, Used since the start, 5/16.
Mark F. McCarty, https://twitter.com/markfmccarty/status/1270421880697044993, Doctors outside hospitals not allowed to prescribe, 6/9. El subsecretario de Prevención y Promoción, https://jalisco.quadratin.com..ara-uso-de-hidroxicloroquina/, Not authorized for COVID-19 outside of clinical trials, 5/27. Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1281912523470643200, Mexico is anti-HCQ, 7/11. Government of Mexico, https://www.gob.mx/cofepris/a..-la-poblacion-251030?idiom=es, Actualmente no existe un medicamento eficaz y seguro para la cura del paciente con Covid-19 y tampoco una vacuna para prevenirlo., still claiming no drug is effective, 8/25. The World, https://www.pri.org/file/2020..-over-unfounded-covid-19-link, Mexico runs out of malaria drugs over unfounded COVID-19 link, 5/27.
Morocco widespread early treatment for high-risk patients for most of the outbreak. All patients treated on first symptoms. Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17. Le Nouvel Afrik, https://www.afrik.com/covid-1..nt-plus-en-europe-qu-au-maroc, Covid-19 : pourquoi les Marocains décèdent plus en Europe qu’au Maroc, All COVID patients treated with HCQ as soon as the first symptoms appear. Moroccans more likely to die in Europe than Morocco, 5/5. The Africa Report, https://www.theafricareport.c..ne-from-dakar-to-brazzaville/, Coronavirus: Didier Raoult the African and chloroquine, from Dakar to Brazzaville, 4/15. Afrik.com, https://www.afrik.com/edouard..ychloroquine-et-le-remdesivir, Edouard Philippe emporté par le Covid, Didier Raoult, l’hydroxychloroquine et le… remdésivir, Follows the Raoult protocol, 7/6. Morocco World News, https://www.moroccoworldnews…ss-reveals-european-failures/, Moroccan Scientist: Morocco’s Chloroquine Success Reveals European Failures, Zemmouri believes approximately 78% of Europe’s coronavirus-related deaths “could have been avoided” if European countries had applied the “same chloroquine strategy as Morocco.”, 6/22. Parola et al., https://www.mediterranee-infe..2020/09/COVIDAfricaJOUMII.pdf, COVID-19 in Africa: What else?, letter regarding the large use of CQ derivatives and the relative success of countries using them, 9/11. Al-bab, https://al-bab.com/blog/2020/..-chloroquine-despite-concerns, Covid-19: Algeria and Morocco continue using chloroquine despite concerns, 5/28. The North Africa Post, https://northafricapost.com/4..uine-despite-controversy.html, Morocco continues use of Chloroquine despite controversy, 5/27.
Challenge, https://www.challenge.ma/coro..que-le-maroc-a-reussi-144484/, Coronavirus : ce que le Maroc a réussi, Ignored WHO recommendation, 6/13.
Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l’hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28. Marie94167358, https://twitter.com/Marie94167358/status/1260661671816835082, Fully on HCQ since February, 5/13.
Netherlands – limited early treatment with HCQ. Doctors will be fined if prescribing HCQ for COVID-19. Used for hospitalized patients. De Limburger, https://www.limburger.nl/cnt/..e-behandeling-coronapatienten, Inspectie: Meijelse huisarts moet stoppen met experimentele behandeling coronapatiënten, doctors will be fined if prescribing HCQ for COVID, 4/8. AD – Nieuws, https://www.ad.nl/binnenland/..-aan-coronapatient~a0ddaabbd/, Ziekenhuizen gaven massaal omstreden malariamedicijn aan coronapatient, used for hospitalized patients, 5/20.
Nigeria – widespread early treatment (excluded due to young population)
Reportedly everyone diagnosed is treated. Available OTC. Nosa Imagbenikaro, https://twitter.com/nosamagbe/status/1261706460750364672, Everyone diagnosed is treated with HCQ, 5/16. Vanguard, https://www.vanguardngr.com/2..ine-effective-as-prophylaxis/, COVID-19: Nigerian study finds Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine effective as Prophylaxis, 6/23. Robin J., https://twitter.com/RobinJHel..dt/status/1281080419241332738, Available OTC, 7/8. Medical World Nigeria, https://medicalworldnigeria.c..vention-Says-NAFDAC?pid=45479, Chloroquine potent for COVID-19 prevention, says NAFDAC, The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), yesterday, declared that chloroquine prevents the dreaded coronavirus. Its Director General, Prof. Christianah Mojisola Adeyeye, during an online interactive session with journalists said: “We realise that chloroquine can be used in the early stage of the COVID-19 infection as prophylactic treatment. Science does not lie.”, 8/27. Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17. Pilot News, https://www.westafricanpilotn..rus-at-early-stage-nafdac-dg/, Chloroquine Can Treat Coronavirus at Early Stage – NAFDAC DG, the Director-General of the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), Mojisola Adeyeye has said chloroquine is effective for the treatment of COVID-19 at the early stage of infection, 8/26. Anadolu Agency, https://www.aa.com.tr/en/afri..quine-clinical-trials/1854814, Nigeria goes on with hydroxychloroquine clinical trial, 5/27. Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l’hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28. The Guardian, https://guardian.ng/news/nige..id-19-prevention-says-nafdac/, Chloroquine potent for COVID-19 prevention, says NAFDAC, 8/26.
Nigeria News World, https://nigerianewsworld.com/..nd-mass-recovery-of-patients/, COVID-19: Jigawa govt reveals secret behind mass recovery of patients, secret behind recoveries is HCQ+AZ+Z, 5/17.
Pakistan – mixed use of early treatment with HCQ. Obtained from India, later banned. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, https://www.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/4937, A survey regarding prohpylactic use of hydroxychloroquine/chloroquine for COVID-19 among healthcare workers of Pakistan, 8/7. EduEngineer, https://twitter.com/EduEngineer/status/1307077916191264768, Pakistan has shipped HCQ to at least 25 countries, 9/18. Vijay Gupta, https://twitter.com/OutOfTheD..ge/status/1314607206575218694, Pakistan is using HCQ, 10/9. Government of Pakistan, http://covid.gov.pk/new_guide.._COVID-19_infections_1203.pdf, Clinical Management Guidelines for COVID-19 Infections, HCQ not recommended for early or late treatment, 7/2. OpIndia, https://www.opindia.com/2020/..hloroquine-india-coronavirus/, Pakistan seeks Hydroxychloroquine from India to curb the Coronavirus pandemic, 4/15.
The News, https://www.thenews.com.pk/pr..ts-claims-top-medicine-expert, HCQ tablets proving effective in treatment of COVID-19 patients, claims top medicine expert, trials suspended but some use continues, 6/3. ARY News, https://arynews.tv/en/corona-..-panel-dexamethasone-actemra/, Experts rule against plasma, Dexamethasone, Actemra as viable COVID-19 cures, all licenses related to stocking and selling of Hydroxychloroquine in Pakistan have been revoked and all human trials to verify its potency have been stopped, 6/22.
Panama – mixed use of early treatment with HCQ.  Dropped usage at the end of May, started again in July. Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1280772619034398721, Panama dropped HCQ at the end of May, 7/8.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1295618863535710208, Ban ended around Jul 22, 8/18. Sistema Estatal de Radio y Televisión, https://sertv.gob.pa/nacionalfm/comunicado-185/, Comunicado #185, “Since the Ministry of Health authorized the use of HCQ and/or AZ as drugs to treat positive COVID-19 patients, a significant decrease in cases of this disease has been noted, said the minister”, Luis Francisco Sucre, 8/27. PanaTimes, https://panatimes.com/proposa..oquine-again-against-covid-19, Proposal is being prepared to use hydroxychloroquine again against COVID-19, group of infectious disease doctors in the front line of battle against Covid-19 signed a proposal for HCQ+AZ for early stage patients, 7/14.
Radio Panamá, https://twitter.com/radiopanama/status/1281691420659679234, Scientific adviser to Panama’s President sees no reason to reconsider the negative stance on HCQ, 7/10.
Peru – early HCQ treatment was adopted relatively late. Some use, adopted late ~May 8. Reportedly more used in upper/middle classes. Health ministry promoted on June 8, but usage is controversial. La Hora, https://lahora.pe/minsa-anunc..tamiento-para-casos-covid-rv/, Mina anuncia el retiro de hidroxicloroquina en tratamiento para casos covid, HCQ withdrawn, 9/9. Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1265595929383534599, Adopted May 8, 5/27. Ministerio de Salud, https://cdn.www.gob.pe/upload../694719/RM_270-2020-MINSA.PDF, Adopting HCQ, 5/8. Minister of Health, https://rpp.pe/peru/actualida..ia-cientifica-noticia-1270896, Minsa sobre uso de Hidroxicloroquina e Ivermectina: No tenemos tiempo para “esperar evidencia científica”, Recommended for use, 6/4.
CNN, https://cnnespanol.cnn.com/20..mo-tratamiento-para-covid-19/, Perú da impulso a hidroxicloroquina e ivermectina como tratamiento para covid-19, Recommended for use, 6/10. Manuelcv, https://twitter.com/manuelcl10/status/1265632450794979328, Only middle class and high class receiving proper HCQ treatment, 5/27.
Portugal – mixed use of early treatment with HCQ. Banned post WHO/Lancet.
ZAP Notícias – Aeiou, https://zap.aeiou.pt/portugal..enda-hidroxicloroquina-328362, Portugal ainda não recomenda uso de hidroxicloroquina, Portugal still does not recommend the use of HCQ, 6/4. Portual Resident, https://www.portugalresident…nd-use-of-hydroxychloroquine/, , suspended post WHO/Lancet, 5/29.
Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1258408833640267776, Portugal has less than half the ICU beds per capita of France or Spain and treatment at home quickly became the only option. With HCQ, the death rate was minimized, 5/7. [Ed, note: 11/16/20, “Portuguese Appeals Court Deems PCR tests unreliable,” LockdownSceptics.org, Toby Young]
Qatar – widespread early treatment (excluded due to young population)
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487..atus/1263731107578515457?s=20, Qatar health minister says they found HCQ to be highly effective, 5/22. Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Used early, 5/2.
Russia widespread early treatment for high-risk patients for most of the outbreak. Approved for use April 15, they disregarded WHO’s recommendation to stop. Russian Government, https://static-0.minzdrav.gov..%D0%A0_COVID-19_%28v.9%29.pdf, ВРЕМЕННЫЕ МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПРОФИЛАКТИКА, ДИАГНОСТИКА И ЛЕЧЕНИЕ НОВОЙ КОРОНАВИРУСНОЙ ИНФЕКЦИИ (COVID-19), 9th edition guidelines with HCQ, 10/26. PledgeTimes, https://pledgetimes.com/russi..or-the-treatment-of-covid-19/, Russian Ministry of Health has updated recommendations for the treatment of COVID-19, HCQ is still recommended, 10/27. The Moscow Times, https://www.themoscowtimes.co..g-to-treat-coronavirus-a70025, Russia Approves Unproven Malaria Drug to Treat Coronavirus, 4/17. Russian Government, http://publication.pravo.gov…t/View/0001202004160037#print, Распоряжение Правительства Российской Федерации от 16.04.2020 № 1030-р, 4/16. The Moscow Times, https://www.themoscowtimes.co..ug-for-coronavirus-bbc-a69877, Moscow Doctors Forced to Self-Test Risky Malaria Drug for Coronavirus – BBC, 4/6. Gummi Bear, https://twitter.com/gummibear737/status/1279874373046939649, Russian treatment protocol showing HCQ used early, 7/5. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, use not suspended post WHO/Lancet, 6/1. The BL, https://thebl.com/world-news/..ine-drug-ccp-virus-trump.html, Russia supports the use of hydroxychloroquine, the drug to treat the CCP Virus suggested by Trump, will not follow WHO recommendation, 5/28.
Senegal – widespread early treatment for high-risk patients for most of the outbreak. Used early. Prof. Raoult was born in Senegal. NPR News, https://wfuv.org/content/sene..%80%94-and-their-contacts-too, Senegal pledges a bed for every coronavirus patient, country’s treatment plan uses HCQ despite warning from WHO, 5/17. Teller Report, http://www.tellerreport.com/n..xychloroquine.BJeet4Kst8.html, Coronavirus: a study in Senegal confirms the effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine, 5/2. Africanews, https://www.africanews.com/20..heal-faster-senegalese-medic/, Coronavirus patients on chloroquine heal faster – Senegalese medic, 6/4. Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17. Medical Xpress, https://medicalxpress.com/new..oroquine-virus-treatment.html, Senegal says hydroxychloroquine virus treatment is promising, 4/2. Afrik.com, https://www.afrik.com/edouard..ychloroquine-et-le-remdesivir, Edouard Philippe emporté par le Covid, Didier Raoult, l’hydroxychloroquine et le… remdésivir, Follows the Raoult protocol, 7/6. The Africa Report, https://www.theafricareport.c..ne-from-dakar-to-brazzaville/, Coronavirus: Didier Raoult the African and chloroquine, from Dakar to Brazzaville, 4/15. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1. Parola et al., https://www.mediterranee-infe..2020/09/COVIDAfricaJOUMII.pdf, COVID-19 in Africa: What else?, letter regarding the large use of CQ derivatives and the relative success of countries using them, 9/11.
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l’hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28. Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Used early, 5/2.
South Koreawidespread early treatment (excluded due to early isolation)
Luke Mor, https://twitter.com/LukeMor19..10/status/1271442135720615938, Used early, 6/12. American RN, https://twitter.com/rn_american/status/1272812657142349826, Prohpylactic use, 6/16. ChloroquineGuerilla, https://twitter.com/Prolongin..id/status/1279874993153662977, Standard of care from the beginning, 7/5. Businessriz, https://twitter.com/businessriz/status/1261092622312955904, Promoted since January and used for prophylaxis with healthcare workers, 5/14.

Spain – early HCQ treatment was adopted relatively late. Usage outside of hospitals was banned from March 23 until May 20. Newsweek, https://www.newsweek.com/spai..vid-19-health-workers-1497277, Spain Launches Large-scale Study of Hydroxychloroquine and Antiretrovirals to Prevent COVID-19 in Health Workers, 4/10. Robert McDonald, https://twitter.com/robbymcd1/status/1275152353298087936, Initially not used but started later, 6/22. Spanish Drug Agency, https://c19study.com/files/spain1.pdf, La AEMPS informa de la distribución controlada de todo el stock de hidroxicloroquina/cloroquina, early treatment was blocked, usage was limited to chronic patients, clinical trials, and those admitted to hospital with pneumonia, 3/23. Spanish Drug Agency, https://c19study.com/files/spain2.pdf, Fin de distribución controlada de hidroxicloroquina, end of controlled distribution of HCQ, 5/20. Free News, https://freenews.live/spain-h..trials-of-hydroxychloroquine/, Spain has stopped most clinical trials of hydroxychloroquine, 6/23.

Sweden – limited early treatment with HCQ. Doctors instructed not to use.
Breaking News Today, https://www.breakingnewstoday..ng-used-in-swedish-hospitals/, Trump’s “Miracle Drug” Chloroquine No Longer Being Used in Swedish Hospitals, trials canceled, 4/8. AJMC, https://www.ajmc.com/newsroom..ardiovascular-disease-covid19, Caution Strongly Recommended When Using Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease, COVID-19, clinicians instructed not to use [H]CQ for COVID outside of trials, 4/17.
Kristoffer Stralin, https://www.medrxiv.org/conte..10.1101/2020.10.27.20220061v1, Decline in mortality among hospitalised covid-19 patients in Sweden: a nationwide observational study, HCQ use was stopped by the European Medicines Agency on April 1, 10/27. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, used in the early phases of the pandemic for patients with severe symptoms, but halted in April after the European Medicines Agency recommended it only be used in clinical trials, 6/1. Ian56, https://twitter.com/Ian56789/status/1272844272769867777, Not used early, 6/16. Henrik Wallen, https://twitter.com/henrikwal..atus/1280439318109184000?s=21, Generally no treatment at all outside hospitals, 7/7.
Switzerland – early HCQ treatment was adopted relatively late. Started using May 1. É Mo Scél, https://twitter.com/e_scel/status/1262737713725239298, Using since May 1, 5/19.
Tunisia – mixed use of early treatment with HCQ. Was using but banned post WHO/Lancet. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, 6/1.
France 24, https://www.france24.com/en/e..ufacturing-hydroxychloroquine, Coronavirus pandemic: Tunisia begins manufacturing hydroxychloroquine, 4/10.
Turkey – widespread early treatment for high-risk patients for most of the outbreak. Science board suggested beneficial in early stages. Reported everyone testing positive receives HCQ. Gradual adoption at the beginning. Middle East Eye, https://www.middleeasteye.net..ne-malaria-treatment-progress, Coronavirus: Turkey says hydroxychloroquine dramatically reduces pneumonia cases, used early“our science board suggested that the drug is really beneficial in the early stages to prevent the spread of the virus in the body, 4/8. BBC, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-52831017, Coronavirus: How Turkey took control of Covid-19 emergency, “controversially that includes the anti-malarial drug, hydroxychloroquine, as standard”, 5/29. David Stringer, https://twitter.com/davidstri..11/status/1264995116785246210, Everyone testing positive gets HCQ, 5/25. The Palmer Foundation, https://www.palmerfoundation…loroquine-ministry-of-health/, Turkey: Highest COVID-19 cases and lowest fatalities in middle east, broad use hydrochloroquine Ministry of Health, “Doctors prescribe hydroxychloroquine to everyone who is tested positive for coronavirus” Dr. Sema Turan, a member of the Turkish government’s coronavirus advisory board, 5/2.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Treating early with HCQ, 5/2. CBS News, https://www.msn.com/en-au/new..g-touted-by-trump/ar-BB13oMXS, Turkey claims success treating virus with drug touted by Trump, 4/30. AAPS, https://aapsonline.org/hcq-90-percent-chance/, Hydroxychloroquine Has about 90 Percent Chance of Helping COVID-19 Patients, many nations, including Turkey and India, are protecting medical workers and contacts of infected persons prophylactically, 4/28. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1257921469914517505, Turkey has adopted early HCQ use, 5/5. Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1255516638033608710, Gradually adopted early HCQ, 4/29.
AAPS, https://www.prnewswire.com/ne..-surgeons-aaps-301098030.html, More Evidence Presented for Why Hydroxychloroquine Should be Made Available, in a New Court Filing by the AAPS, greater access to HCQ, 7/22. Luke Mor, https://twitter.com/LukeMor19..10/status/1271442135720615938, Turkey advocates early use, 6/12.
Ukraine – widespread early treatment for high-risk patients for most of the outbreak. Government treatment protocol shows early use. Ukrinform, https://www.ukrinform.net/rub..own-in-ukraine-on-june-3.html, Ukraine receives batch of hydroxychloroquine tablets from India, received additional shipment, 5/5.
Ministry of Health of Ukraine, https://www.dec.gov.ua/wp-con..20_762_protokol_covid19-f.pdf, ПРОТОКОЛ «НАДАННЯ МЕДИЧНОЇ ДОПОМОГИ ДЛЯ ЛІКУВАННЯ КОРОНАВІРУСНОЇ ХВОРОБИ (COVID-19)» , government treatment protocol showing early use, 4/2. Ministry of Health of Ukraine, https://moz.gov.ua/uploads/5/..-dn_2106_17_09_2020_dod_1.pdf, «НАДАННЯ МЕДИЧНОЇ ДОПОМОГИ ДЛЯ ЛІКУВАННЯ КОРОНАВІРУСНОЇ ХВОРОБИ (COVID-19), 9/17. Ministry of Health of Ukraine, https://twitter.com/MoH_Ukraine/status/1248268122332766208, Ukraine will receive an additional 320 thousand tablets with the active substance Hydroxychloroquine for symptomatic treatment of patients with #COVIDー19, 4/9.
United Kingdom – limited early treatment with HCQ. Use is banned outside of clinical trials. Media very negative. U.K. Government, https://www.gov.uk/government..oronavirus-covid-19-treatment, Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine not licensed for coronavirus (COVID-19) treatment, use is banned outside of clinical trials, 3/25. Daily Mail, https://www.dailymail.co.uk/n..despite-doctors-using-it.html, US health regulator approves two malaria drugs as a last resort for coronavirus patients in hospital – but the UK will only let doctors use the promising medications in trials, 3/30. Ian56, https://twitter.com/Ian56789/status/1272844272769867777, Not used early, blocked almost completely, 6/16.
United States – limited early treatment with HCQ. FDA has warned against use, several states prohibit early use. Doctors may risk censure and their license for prescribing. Media very negative. Usage in late treatment in hospitals. Relatively minimal usage for early treatment. FDA, https://www.fda.gov/drugs/dru..9-outside-hospital-setting-or, FDA cautions against use of hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine for COVID-19 outside of the hospital setting or a clinical trial due to risk of heart rhythm problems, 4/24. The Washington Post, https://www.washingtonpost.co..heart-issues-including-death/, FDA warns about hydroxychloroquine dangers, citing serious heart issues, including death, 4/24. National Academy for State Health Policy, https://www.nashp.org/wp-cont..ovid-drug-chart-3-27-2020.pdf, State Rules and Recommendations Regarding Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine and Other Drugs Related to COVID-19, 3/27. AAPS, https://www.prnewswire.com/ne..-surgeons-aaps-301098030.html, More Evidence Presented for Why Hydroxychloroquine Should be Made Available, in a New Court Filing by the AAPS, pharmacists may be prevented from filling HCQ prescriptions, most Americans are unable to obtain HCQ for early treatment, and virtually no Americans are able to access it as preventive medicine, 7/22.
Texas Scorecard, https://texasscorecard.com/st..limited-coronavirus-medicine/, Physician Says Texas Pharmacy Board Limited Coronavirus Medicine, 5/12.
Harvey Risch, MD, PhD, https://www.newsweek.com/key-..tart-using-it-opinion-1519535, The Key to Defeating COVID-19 Already Exists. We Need to Start Using It, doctors have been threatened by medical boards with the chance of losing their license for prescribing HCQ, 7/23.
Venezuela-widespread early treatment (excluded due to early isolation)
Efecto Cocuyo, https://efectococuyo.com/coro..d-19-anuncia-jorge-rodriguez/, Venezuela empieza a usar la cloroquina para tratar COVID-19, anuncia Jorge Rodríguez, used prophylactically, 3/23. Government of Venezuela, http://www.mpps.gob.ve/index.php/sistemas/descargas, THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDE FOR COVID-19 PATIENTS AND CONTACTS, 10/15.
AAPS, https://www.prnewswire.com/ne..-surgeons-aaps-301098030.html, More Evidence Presented for Why Hydroxychloroquine Should be Made Available, in a New Court Filing by the AAPS, available OTC, 7/22. Barron’s, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, used as preventative measure, 6/1.””

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